Depression after drinking: causes and how to deal with it (2023)

It's not uncommon to useAlcoholDealing with difficult feelings and experiences.

You can have a drink or two whenever you like:

  • Relax after a busy day
  • quietAngstbefore a date
  • alleviate the feelings ofSoledadsadness
  • take your mind off a disappointment

Emsmall to mediumquantities, alcoholhe cantemporarily elevate your mood and help improve your mood.

However, the more you drink, the more likely your emotional state will begin to decline. Sometimes alcohol can make you feel even worse than before.

Alcohol affects peopledifferent ways. Some people never notice feelings of depression or any ill effects after drinking moderately. Others may feel depressed or anxious after just one drink.

understanding ofAssociation between alcohol and depressionIt can help you better manage post-drinking depression or, even better, prevent it from occurring.

While drinking alcohol can directly trigger feelings of depression, it can also contribute to symptoms in more indirect ways.

Alcohol has a depressant effect

You may feel depressed after drinking because alcohol itself is aoppressor.

Drinking activates the reward system in your brain and triggers the release of dopamine, so alcohol usually seems to have a stimulating effect at first.

DopamineIt produces positive emotions that make you feel good and help increase your desire to drink, but alcohol affects the central nervous system in other ways too.

That means it interferes with the release of neurotransmitters related to mood regulation, includingSerotoninand norepinephrine.

Below normal levels of these important chemical messengers, your speech, coordination and energy levels can be temporarily affected.

However, the long-term effects could be more severe: Persistent changes in brain chemistry over time can affect depression and anxiety.

Investigationassociated with the development of depressive symptoms in adolescents with regular or excessive alcohol consumption. Adults who meet the criteria foralcohol use disordersThey also had an increased risk of depression.

Bottom Line: While it might seem at the time that alcohol lifts your spirits, alcohol can really weigh you down, especially with prolonged use.

Alcohol interrupts your sleep

Have you ever had bad sleep after drinking? You may have tossed and turned, had strange dreams, or woken up with a racing heart.

These unpleasant experiences are completely normal. Sleep problems may be related to changes in brain chemistry associated with alcohol consumption.

Drinking can also disrupt your sleep-wake cycle and keep you from eating enough.REM sleep.

Don't forget: Drinking can also have physical consequences: nausea and nauseadehydrationit can prevent you from getting a restful sleep.

Poor sleep can easily affect your mood the next day, as exhaustion and ongoing physical symptoms can make it difficult to focus. This can make you feel quite depressed.

Alcohol can increase negative emotions

Being depressed after a night of drinking can be really bad. If you already have depression, you may feel even worse, as alcohol can increase your emotions.

Alcohol can affect the areas of the brain that help regulate itemotions. You may start drinking to forget what you're thinking, but when the initial craving wears off, you can wallow in those feelings.

Because alcohol can cloud your brain, it can prevent you from seeing helpful solutions to problems.

It also lowers inhibitions, so when you're trying to control some difficult emotions like sadness orWut, secretly, they can flood if you drink.

This can lead to a complicated cycle. You may start drinking more regularly to feel better, or forget about themunwanted emotionsand memories

However, increasing alcohol consumption usually does not help. Negative moods are more likely to worsen along with physical health.

Coping drinking can become a pattern

If you regularly turn to alcohol to help you cope with challenges and negative feelings, you may not be taking other steps that can help you effectively manage those issues.

As a result, all the problems you are facing, from work stress to relationship problems, could get worse.

If you tend to rely on alcohol for reliefanxiety in social situations, for example, may never address the underlying causes of your discomfort.

And the inhibitions mentioned above? They can make you make decisions you wouldn't normally make. This, combined with elation, can have some unpleasant effects.

For example, heightened anger can lead you to argue with a loved one, while extreme sadness or self-loathing can lead to intense depressive symptoms.

If you wake up miserable after a night of drinking, you don't have to wait. Here are some strategies to help lift your mood now.

First, try not to get discouraged.

If you're already feeling a little down, criticizing yourself for abusing alcohol probably won't make things better.

It often seems very tempting (and easy) to keep drinking until you feel better, especially when you have less access to more beneficial beverages than usual.coping methods.

Try not to blame yourself for your current state of mind. Instead, remember that you can do things differently next time. Then try to distract yourself so you don't think about how you're feeling.

Drink much water

Alcohol can dehydrate you, cause headaches, and generally increase your condition.

Drinking water may not have a direct impact on feelings of depression, but it doesrehydrationcan absolutely help you feel better physically. When the hangover symptoms subside, emotional effects can set in.

Even if it doesn't get better immediately, it's probably easier to do something about it if you don't also have to deal with the physical symptoms.

go for a stroll

You might feel a bit physically queasy, but as long as the room doesn't rotate when you get up, try going outside a little.short walk- or longer if you can make it.

A practiceIt usually provides a natural mood boost, so you'll likely feel better once you start moving.

Spend time in natureit may also have health benefits, including mood elevation. If it's sunny, even better: Sunlight can trigger the release of serotonin, which can help relieve depression.

do what you like

Take time to be productiveRelaxationit can also help relieve feelings of depression.

When you're feeling down, a favorite activity can lift your spirits.

If you don't like it too strenuous, consider:

  • gardening
  • simple house designs
  • cook or bake
  • Yoga
  • drafting
  • Puzzle

Even if you don't have much free time, spend 15 minutesread a good book, drawing or doodling, or even watching videos of cute animals can provide positive distractions.

Talking to someone you care about can also help fight feelings that you connect withhangover-induced anxietyand depression after drinking. Consider calling a friend or going for a walk with your partner.

The only surefire way to prevent post-drinking depression is to avoid alcohol altogether. However, there are steps you can take to reduce the likelihood of emotional side effects from drinking.

Limit drinking in moderation

AccordinglyNational Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, moderate consumption means one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men.

Having an extra drink or two every once in a while isn't automaticexcessive alcohol consumption.

But regularly drinking more alcohol than these guidelines recommend can carry a number of health risks, including depression.

drink safely

Responsible drinking isn't just about staying off the streets. By following safe drinking guidelines, you can help reduce your risk of depression and other hangover symptoms.

Remember these tips for safe drinking:

  • Drink slowly.Limit yourself to one drink per hour.
  • Eat before you drink.Anutritious foodIt can help mitigate some of the harmful effects of alcohol, including dehydration and depression.
  • Don't forget the water.After any alcoholic drink, a glass of water can help keep you hydrated.
  • Avoid alcohol, thoughthey are I'm already feeling depressed.Instead of drinking to forget a bad day, consider talking to a friend, watching your favorite movie, or trying some quiet time.Meditation.

Stop drinking if you start to feel bad.

If you experience any unwanted side effects (physical or emotional) from drinking, it may be best to let it sit overnight.

Didn't you eat or drink much besides alcohol? A glass of water and a light snack can help stave off a bad hangover.

You can also wind down with a warm bath, soft music, and other relaxing activities before bed.

Address negative feelings as they arise.

If you take steps to control negative emotions as you experience them, you can prevent them from becoming too overwhelming.

If you have healthy habits of dealing with unwanted feelings, you'll likely find it easier to use these strategies to combat the distressing emotions you may experience from drinking.

Helpful strategies for coping with difficult emotional experiences include:

  • dailyor make art
  • meditate
  • talk to loved ones
  • seek professional support

It's quite common to feel a little depressed after drinking. ThisBluesThey don't usually last long, so you'll probably feel better in a day or two.

However, if factors other than alcohol are affecting your mood, feelings of depression may linger even after your hangover has resolved.

It may be time to seek support if feelings of depression:

  • last longer than a week or two
  • Impair your ability to work or do your daily tasks
  • prevent you from enjoying the time with your loved ones
  • include thoughts of suicide or harming yourself
  • affect sleep or appetite

Depression usually doesn't get better without itTreatment. It can get worse over time, especially when combined with regular or heavy drinking.

If you're feeling depressed even when you're not drinking, or if you're drinking because you're feeling depressed, it's best to see a mental health professional.

A therapist can help you:

  • recognize the underlying causes of depression
  • Discover more helpful strategies to manage symptoms now
  • Seeking effective treatments, including medications and behavioral strategies

Drinking alcohol can sometimes make it difficult to treat depression. If you drink regularly to treat symptoms of depression, it may be beneficial to work with a therapist who specializes in treating co-occurring depression and alcohol use.

Drinking might seem like an easy way to deal with difficult emotions right now, but it's usually not effective in the long run.

If you're concerned that alcohol has become your preferred way of dealing with negative feelings like depression, there's no shame in seeking support.

Your GP can refer you to a therapist, but you can also try directories like this onepsychology today.

IsAdministration of Substance Abuse and Mental Health Servicesalso offers free, confidential treatment advice. Call 1-800-662-4357 anytime, any day of the year.

Crystal Raypole previously worked as a writer and editor for GoodTherapy. Her areas of interest include Asian languages ​​and literature, Japanese translation, cooking, science, sex positivity and mental health. In particular, it works to reduce the stigma attached to mental health issues.


How do you get rid of alcohol induced depression? ›

Drink plenty of water

Alcohol can dehydrate you, causing head pain and generally adding to your misery. Drinking water may not have a direct impact on feelings of depression, but rehydrating can absolutely help you start feeling better physically. As hangover symptoms begin to subside, the emotional effects may follow.

How long does post alcohol depression last? ›

The actual duration of alcohol-induced depression can greatly vary. Depressive symptoms that are associated with alcohol-induced depression have been shown to significantly improve after an individual has abstained from alcohol for a certain period. It is typically 3-4 weeks in a variety of cases.

Why does alcohol make me so depressed after? ›

Alcohol is a depressant which affects your brain's natural level of happiness chemicals like serotonin and dopamine. This means that although you'll feel an initial 'boost' the night before, the next day you will be deficient in these same chemicals, which may lead to feeling anxious, down or depressed.

How can I improve my mental health after drinking? ›

Alcohol and anxiety

You may also find a hangover makes your anxiety worse. If you use alcohol to unwind, think about other ways you can find to relax: meditation, yoga, exercise or making time for things you enjoy, for example.

How do you beat alcohol blues? ›

When vasopressin levels decrease, you'll make more urine and if you don't drink enough water, you'll end up dehydrated.
  1. TIP ONE: Drink water before, during and after a night on the booze. ...
  2. TIP TWO: Where possible, opt for low-sugar options like vodka and tonic, or a glass of prosecco.

How do you increase serotonin after drinking? ›

Read on to learn about different ways to increase serotonin naturally.
  1. Adjust your diet. ...
  2. Get more exercise. ...
  3. Bring in the bright light. ...
  4. Take certain supplements. ...
  5. Try massage therapy. ...
  6. Try mood induction. ...
  7. Manage emotions and stress levels. ...
  8. Think about sleep deprivation.
Apr 22, 2019

Can alcohol cause depression for days? ›

If you're already depressed, irritated, or anxious, alcohol can worsen these feelings. In fact, anxiety and depression days after binge drinking are not unusual. In these cases, an attempt to unwind results in a meltdown of negative emotions which compounds the depression after drinking alcohol effect.

How do you get rid of alcohol anxiety? ›

Anxiety is a side effect of the withdrawal from alcohol. You can reduce hangxiety with exercise, hydration, breathwork, and mindfulness. You can also prevent it in the future by limiting your alcohol intake, staying hydrated, having enough to eat, and getting plenty of rest.

What happens after 3 days of no alcohol? ›

After Three Days: After three days, you will likely start to feel more like yourself. However, individuals who have been drinking heavily for long periods of time may still experience some symptoms of withdrawal and may even have hallucinations or delirium tremens (DTs) and seizures.

What do you say to a depressed alcoholic? ›

8 Tips to Help a Buddy who may be Drinking to Deal with...
  • Know the signs. ...
  • Let him know you're there for him. ...
  • Encourage him to talk to a doctor or see a professional. ...
  • Help him reach out to other friends and family. ...
  • Let him know drinking won't help him sleep. ...
  • Suggest he cut back on his drinking.
Dec 13, 2018

Why do I hate myself after drinking? ›

Alcohol is a depressant. This means that it slows down your nerve activity in the central nervous system and that can bring on a low mood. Your feelings of shame are part of the cluster of negative feelings that result from using a depressant.

How long does it take for serotonin to replenish after alcohol? ›

Fortunately, this usually only lasts a few days. Stopping alcohol use helps to normalize dopamine and serotonin levels, so patients may feel depressed while in recovery, but this should lift as the brain readjusts to running without alcohol.

What is Hangxiety? ›

After a night out drinking you might wake up feeling anxious or worried about what happened the night before. This could include feeling on-edge or irritable and being unable to sleep or relax.

Will my mood improve if I stop drinking? ›

Mood gets better without alcohol

Lots of people experienced an improvement in their mood after reducing their drinking. This makes perfect sense, as alcohol is a depressant that can often worsen underlying issues like depression and anxiety.

What happens to your mental health when you stop drinking? ›

Better mental health

Regular, heavy drinking interferes with chemicals in the brain that are vital for good mental health. So, while you might initially feel relaxed after a drink, alcohol can contribute to feelings of depression and anxiety. And stopping drinking could make feelings of stress easier to deal with.

Why is hangxiety so bad? ›

Alcohol stimulates the release of GABA, inducing relaxation and sleepiness. When the depressant effect wears off, it can cause a rebound over-stimulation effect, leading to feelings of anxiety or panic. Hangxiety might also be the result of poor sleep.

How do you break the blues? ›

Talk With Someone

One of the quickest ways to beat the blues is to interact with others. You might not feel like doing that – you'd rather avoid people when blue. So make lt easier on yourself. Talk with someone you enjoy about a subject you enjoy so there is definite give and take.

Why do I feel weird 2 days after drinking? ›

For example, the liver will be overworking to process alcohol, you'll be tired from little and/or poor quality sleep, you're likely to be urinating more as alcohol is a diuretic, leaving you dehydrated and headache-y – and any post-night out vomiting can irritate the stomach for several days. '

What drink helps serotonin? ›

Drinks like green tea and probiotics help to boost serotonin. Other foods containing Vitamin D are also good because Vitamin D activates tryptophan, which leads to increases in serotonin levels. Good sources of Vitamin D foods include cod liver oil, fortified orange juice, and many types of yogurt.

Does vitamin D increase serotonin? ›

Vitamin D activates an enzyme that converts tryptophan into serotonin. If vitamin D levels are low, our brains make less serotonin. Thus, increasing vitamin D intake may increase serotonin levels, thereby potentially supporting mental health [15, 16].

Does stopping drinking stop depression? ›

Co-occurring depression and addiction may go away after long periods of abstinence, but the increased risk of relapse and decreased quality of life make waiting a risky choice. Too often, the side effects of quitting drinking will lead people back to active use and a worsening of depressive symptoms.

What percent of alcoholics are depressed? ›

At least 30%-40% of alcoholics also experience a depressive disorder. People are often seduced by the sedating effects of alcohol and use it as a kind of medication to help distract them from persistent feelings of sadness.

How long does it take for alcohol to leave your system? ›

Blood: Alcohol is eliminated from the bloodstream at about 0.015 per hour. Alcohol can show up in a blood test for up to 12 hours. Urine: Alcohol can be detected in urine for up 3 to 5 days via the ethyl glucuronide (EtG) test or 10 to 12 hours via the traditional method.

What is the best anti anxiety medication for alcoholics? ›

Paroxetine was found to be effective in social anxiety patients with alcohol dependence. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), especially sertraline, showed effective results in posttraumatic stress disorder and in comorbid AnxD–AUD.

What is considered a heavy drinker? ›

What do you mean by heavy drinking? For men, heavy drinking is typically defined as consuming 15 drinks or more per week. For women, heavy drinking is typically defined as consuming 8 drinks or more per week.

How long after drinking does anxiety last? ›

The symptoms of alcohol-induced anxiety symptoms have been known to last for several hours and usually resolve within one day.

What does 7 days of no alcohol do? ›

Reduced anxiety and improved mental health

Going even 7 days alcohol free can help reduce your anxiety and depression levels and help your brain chemicals come back in balance. It leads to an overall improvement in brain function and mental health, even if you haven't experienced issues before.

What happens on day 2 of no alcohol? ›

Day 2 isn't without physical symptoms, either, but instead of a hangover, these will be the beginnings of alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Some symptoms, like nausea, headaches, and fatigue, are similar to a hangover. It's not unusual on Day 2 to be experiencing shakes, sweating, and insomnia as part of alcohol withdrawal.

What 3 weeks without alcohol does to your body and mind? ›

Benefits of not drinking alcohol
  • Your quality of sleep will increase. ...
  • Your mood and levels of concentration will improve. ...
  • You'll be better hydrated, leading to a whole host of benefits. ...
  • Your memory will begin to improve. ...
  • You'll find it easier to lose weight. ...
  • Your stomach will feel better. ...
  • Your skin health will improve.

What are the 4 types of drinker? ›

There are four types of drinker – which one are you?
  • Social drinking. To date, nearly all the research on drinking motives has been done on teens and young adults. ...
  • Drinking to conform. ...
  • Drinking for enhancement. ...
  • Drinking to cope.

How do you get emotional sobriety? ›

9 Inspiring Ways for Developing Emotional Sobriety
  1. Understand where emotions and feelings come from. ...
  2. Find your emotional neutral. ...
  3. Don't run away from life — embrace it. ...
  4. Watch out for Spiritual Bypass. ...
  5. Appreciate all the good in your life. ...
  6. Live more in the moment. ...
  7. Spend more time thinking about others.
Jul 6, 2022

What happens when you drink alcohol everyday? ›

Over time, excessive alcohol use can lead to the development of chronic diseases and other serious problems including: High blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, liver disease, and digestive problems. Cancer of the breast, mouth, throat, esophagus, voice box, liver, colon, and rectum.

How do you get rid of weird feelings after drinking? ›

Drinking water, juice, broth and other non-alcohol beverages to reduce dehydration. Getting sleep to counteract fatigue. Taking antacids to help settle your stomach. Trying aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or naproxen, to help your headache or muscle ache.

Why does my personality change after drinking? ›

Alcohol can cause damage to the brain, which could lead to personality changes or act as a trigger for other mental health issues like anxiety or depression. Alcohol also slows down messages from your brain to other body parts, leading to slower reflexes and impaired judgment and motor skills.

Why do I have crippling anxiety after drinking? ›

Alcohol has an effect on brain chemistry - it can induce panic because of its effects on GABA, a chemical in the brain that normally has a relaxing effect. Small amounts of alcohol can stimulate GABA and cause feelings of relaxation, but heavy drinking can deplete GABA, causing increased tension and feelings of panic.

How do I get my dopamine back? ›

Things You Can Do to Reset Your Brain's Dopamine Levels
  1. Create exciting daily routines. Incorporate fun activities into your daily routine, even if they are mindless activities. ...
  2. Focus on perfecting your sleep schedule. ...
  3. Improve your diet. ...
  4. Exercise. ...
  5. Practice mindfulness. ...
  6. Listen to music.
Apr 24, 2022

What are the benefits of not drinking alcohol for 11 days? ›

In general, you may start to experience physical benefits such as increased energy, reduced anxiety, and improved liver health. You might also notice positive changes in your personal life, such as improved relationships and more free time for hobbies.

How can I increase serotonin and dopamine naturally? ›

10 Ways to Boost Dopamine and Serotonin Naturally
  1. Exercise. Regular exercise for at least 30 minutes each day improves one's overall mood. ...
  2. Spend Time in Nature. In previous generations, humans spent most of their time outdoors. ...
  3. Nutrition. ...
  4. Meditation. ...
  5. Gratitude. ...
  6. Essential Oils. ...
  7. Goal Achievement. ...
  8. Happy Memories.
Dec 12, 2017

What is drinkers guilt? ›

Drinker's remorse is a psychological phenomenon experienced by those who drink alcohol to excess. It is characterized by feelings of regret and guilt as the individual reflects on their behavior while under the influence, often feeling embarrassed and ashamed for their actions.

How do I get rid of Hangxiety ASAP? ›

Rehydrate: drink lots of water and nutrient enhancing drinks. Eat a light meal: eat a meal that's easy to digest and avoid greasy, processed foods. Get some rest: If you're able to, get some sleep and give yourself a chance to relax. Take some over-the-counter pain medication: This may help with physical symptoms.

How long do emotional hangovers last? ›

Symptoms typically last a day or so, but may persist for a week or more. The effects of emotional hangovers are often more severe for individuals who are highly sensitive, introverted, or struggling with a social anxiety disorder.

How long does alcohol induced depression last? ›

The actual duration of alcohol-induced depression can greatly vary. Depressive symptoms that are associated with alcohol-induced depression have been shown to significantly improve after an individual has abstained from alcohol for a certain period. It is typically 3-4 weeks in a variety of cases.

How long does depression last after giving up alcohol? ›

Your mood should get better within 3 to 6 weeks. Tell your doctor if it doesn't. You may need treatment for long-term symptoms or an undiagnosed mental health condition.

Can your brain recover from alcohol? ›

Recovery of brain function is certainly possible after abstinence, and will naturally occur in some domains, but complete recovery may be harder in other areas.

What happens on day 4 of no alcohol? ›

However, by day 4 without alcohol, most people will have got beyond any initial withdrawal symptoms. All the alcohol will have left your system by now, and your body will begin to bounce back. If you're not as focused on alcohol, you may be eating better, drinking water, moving more, and perhaps sleeping more deeply.

What can I drink instead of alcohol? ›

What to drink instead of alcohol
  • Soda and fresh lime. Proof that simple is still the best.
  • Berries in iced water. This summery drink will keep you refreshed and revitalised.
  • Kombucha. ...
  • Virgin bloody Mary. ...
  • Virgin Mojito. ...
  • Half soda/half cranberry juice and muddled lime. ...
  • Soda and fresh fruit. ...
  • Mocktails.

What's the best antidepressant for an alcoholic? ›

Paroxetine was found to be effective in social anxiety patients with alcohol dependence. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), especially sertraline, showed effective results in posttraumatic stress disorder and in comorbid AnxD–AUD.

How alcohol destroyed my mental health? ›

Alcohol is a depressant that affects the production of serotonin and dopamine, which are the “happy” hormones. Once you wake up after a morning of drinking, you can experience post-alcohol anxiety and depression. If you already have anxiety or depression, alcohol can make your symptoms worse the day after drinking.

Can alcohol cause temporary depression? ›

The greater the amounts of alcohol consumed and the more regular the intake, the more likely a person will be to develop temporary anxiety and depressive symptoms. As consumption increases even more, these symptoms also are likely to intensify.

What do doctors prescribe for alcoholism? ›

Acamprosate (Campral®): This medicine was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat alcohol dependence*. It helps rebalance chemicals in the brain that may be changed by drinking too much. Disulfiram (Antabuse®): This medicine was approved by the FDA to treat alcohol dependence*.

Is Wellbutrin good for alcoholics? ›

Mixing Wellbutrin and alcohol is extremely dangerous. Both substances may make a seizure more likely, and combining them is known to result in seizures in some people.

What are five mental effects of alcohol? ›

Long-term psychological effects:
  • Increased depression and anxiety.
  • Tolerance development and increased substance use.
  • Dependency, otherwise known as alcoholism.
  • Impaired learning and memory capacity.
  • Interrupted brain development.

Does mental health improve after quitting alcohol? ›

Additional research shows that people treated for an alcohol dependency show a decline in symptoms of poor mental health after abstaining for a period, which means that quitting alcohol may be a primary way to improve mental health.

How do you know if you have brain damage from alcohol? ›

The symptoms of this include memory loss, apathy, and confusion about where they are and about the passage of time. A swift diagnosis and early treatment can often reverse these symptoms.

Do all alcoholics suffer from depression? ›

At least 30%-40% of alcoholics also experience a depressive disorder. People are often seduced by the sedating effects of alcohol and use it as a kind of medication to help distract them from persistent feelings of sadness. Alcohol may appear to temporarily relieve some of the symptoms of depression.

Can stopping drinking cure depression? ›

Once you quit drinking, serotonin production can eventually return to normal. If you continue to struggle with depressive symptoms during recovery, you may require medication. By eliminating alcohol from the equation, you can better understand your mental health and determine what it is you need to feel your best.


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